Policy: Division Head Transfusion Medicine Role in Policy Making

Principle:

The Division Head, Transfusion Medicine and Blood Banks, is responsible for all aspects of transfusion medicine at HMC for the State of Qatar.  The following policy documents some of those roles.

Policy:

  1. The Division Head, Transfusion Medicine HTM, serves as a member of the Corporate Transfusion Committee
  2. The HTM through the CTC establishes criteria for transfusion of blood components and passes these through the HMC corporate process for establishing official guidelines.
  3. The HTM reviews blood component requests, especially in times of shortage to triage in conjunction with the Medical Director and Chairperson, DPLM
  4. The HTM establishes transfusion practices through the interim policies, which are in turn used to prepare processes and procedures through corporate transfusion medicine.
  5. The HTM serves as Project Manager for the Medinfo Hematos IIG computer system and prepares policies, processes, and procedures for Transfusion Laboratory Information Systems.

References:

Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services, Current Edition AABB, Bethesda, MD, USA

Process: Donor Notification of Abnormal Results

Enumeration:  5.8.2

Principle:

AABB requires that all donors be notified and counseled of abnormal test results in a timely manner.  Notifications should be done based on required AABB and/or CE protocols including the requirements for follow-up testing at specified intervals.

Process:

  1. Blood components prepared from donors with abnormal blood results will be discarded according to current SOPs unless a variance is approved by a transfusion medicine physician.
  2. Abnormal results will be handled according to the current Abnormal Marker Testing Algorithm in effect.
    1. Additional testing after specified time intervals may be necessary depending on the initial results.
  3. Medinfo Hematos IIG will automatically follow the donor marker testing abnormal result algorithm and quarantine the affected units.
  4. All abnormal test results will be reviewed by the Division Head, Transfusion Medicine or other Transfusion Medicine Physician in a timely manner upon completion of the testing algorithm and any other additional testing that has been ordered.
  5. A Transfusion Medicine physician will counsel the affected donor.
  6. Counseling will only be performed when the ALL specified test results are available.
  7. Donors will be counseled as soon as possible but within 8 weeks of completion of the test algorithm.
    1. All counselling must be done confidentially.
    1. A letter for the donor explaining the contraindication will be prepared and given to the donor at the time of the counselling session.
    1. Positive identification of the donor must be confirmed before counselling or releasing any results.
    1. If the donor cannot be contacted, details of the contact attempts will be added to the donor’s records in Medinfo Hematos IIG.
  8. Donors will be offered referral to the appropriate clinic (e.g. Infectious Disease) for treatment and/or further assessment.

References:

  1. Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services, Current Edition, AABB, Bethesda, MD, USA
  2. Guidelines to the Preparation, Use, and Quality Assurance of Blood Components, European Committee (Partial Agreement) on Blood Transfusion (CD-P-TS), Current Edition
  3. Guidance for Industry, Donors of Blood and Blood Components, Small Entity Compliance Guide, US Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration,  Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, June 2011
  4. Interim Policy Abnormal Marker Testing Algorithm, Current Edition

Policy: Donor Notification of Abnormal Results

Enumeration:  5.8

Principle:

AABB requires that all donors be notified and counseled of abnormal test results in a timely manner.  Notifications should be done based on required AABB and/or CE protocols including the requirements for follow-up testing at specified intervals.

Policy:

  1. All policies and processes must meet applicable local and national standards and laws as well as international accreditation standards (e.g. JCI, CAP, AABB, CE, ISO).
  2. Donors with abnormal results will be counselled after the completion of the testing algorithm.
  3. Testing algorithm built with Medinfo Hematos IIG blood bank donor software will be used.
  4. All abnormal test results will be reviewed by the Division Head, Transfusion Medicine or other Transfusion Medicine Physician in a timely manner upon completion of the testing algorithm and any other additional testing.
  5. A Transfusion Medicine physician will counsel the affected donor confidentially in a timely manner.
  6. If the donor cannot be contacted, details of the contact attempts will be added to the donor’s records in Medinfo.
  7. Donors will be offered referral to the appropriate clinic (e.g. Infectious Disease) for treatment and/or further assessment.

References:

  1. Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services, Current Edition, AABB, Bethesda, MD, USA
  2. Guidelines to the Preparation, Use, and Quality Assurance of Blood Components, European Committee (Partial Agreement) on Blood Transfusion (CD-P-TS), Current Edition
  3. Guidance for Industry, Donors of Blood and Blood Components, Small Entity Compliance Guide, US Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration,  Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, June 2011
  4. Interim Policy Abnormal Marker Testing Algorithm, Current Edition

Policy: Donor Marker Testing

Enumeration:  5.7

Policy:

  1. All policies, processes, and procedures must comply with Qatari, HMC, and applicable accreditation standards (i.e. AABB, CAP, and JCI).
  2. All donors will have samples tested for infectious disease marker testing according to the applicable international standards.
  3. All testing will follow manufacturer’s recommended testing methods.
  4. The specific algorithms will be programmed into the Hematos IIG software.
  5. Whenever possible, tests performed on automated equipment will sent to Hematos IIG by validated software interfaces.
  6. All abnormal results will be reviewed by a transfusion medicine physician.
  7. Donors will be deferred based on specific algorithms which will be programmed into Hematos IIG software.

References:

  1. HMC 1001 Setting Specification, Version 1.5, Hematos IIG, Medinfo
  2. Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services, Current Edition, AABB, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Summary of Accomplishments at Hamad Medical Corporation 2011-2020

2011

Established automated component production using Atreus technology, plasma and platelet pathogen inactivation (Mirasol)—made HMC component production Good Manufacturing System GMP compliant

2011

Qatar is the first to adopt non-PCR-based NAT technology (Grifols/Novartis Tigress) and becomes world reference site for this

2011

Based on the above, Qatar can now completely process all whole blood into blood components (red cells, platelets, and plasma) in as little as 5 hours from collection!

2011-2020:

I established policies and procedures for the hospital blood banks/transfusion services, blood donor center, therapeutic apheresis, and laboratory information systems to bring HMC in compliance with the Council of Europe, international AABB, and other standards.  I customized our own standards for our local needs based on them.

2012-2013

Implemented custom build of the multilingual blood bank computer system (Medinfo) for both patient and donor services, including development of interfaces to all production equipment including Atreus and Mirasol (world’s first) and a direct link to Ministry of the Interior to obtain patient demographics in English and Arabic—Qatar became the world’s first site to combine fully-interfaced, automated component production with pathogen inactivation:  Qatar becomes world reference site for this.

2013-2014

Built, validated, and implemented laboratory build of hospital information system, Cerner Millennium

2015

Replaced and updated Atreus with Reveos automated component production to allow faster throughput and capacity with a full bidirectional interface (world’s first), introduced platelet

additive solution PAS with pathogen inactivation (Mirasol)—Medinfo interfaces updated to Reveos for all equipment:  this doubles the capacity to process whole blood into components using the same physical space

2015-2019

Updated dedicated blood bank software Medinfo Hematos IIG by several versions using Division Head, LIS, and internally trained Super Users—at great cost savings to HMC by not using outside consultants (e.g. Dell Consulting)

2019

Established column absorption technology using Terumo Optia therapeutic apheresis machine for treatment of ABO-incompatible renal transplants:  I validated using the Ortho Vision MAX to perform ABO antibody titers for this system and correlated it with the reference method at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm (manual gel) to bring rapid throughput and labor savings—Qatar being the first-site in the world to do this.  We saved money by using the same apheresis machine to use this column absorption technology (no need for second machine to use the columns)

2020

Expedited setup (two weeks total) of COVID-19 convalescent plasma production, initially manual and then fully integrated into the Medinfo computer system as a customized module with separate quarantine collection, production, and transfusion service functions

Other:

I was awarded two HMC Star of Excellence Awards:

2013—Liver Transplantation Transfusion Support

2019—ABO-Incompatible Renal Transplantation Support